Lagotto Romagnolo Breed Information
By: Dr. Antonio Morsiani (Cynotechnical - international ENCI judge) -Chairman of Breed Technical Committee.
Country of Origin: Italy.
Use: Dog specialized in truffle-searching on any kind of ground.
F.C.I. Classification: Group 8th - retriever, hunting and water dogs.
Section 3rd - water dogs.
General Appearance: Lagotto Romagnolo is a medium-small size dog, of coarse appearance, stout and very well-proportioned, with thick and curly hair of woolly texture. The general structure is that of a slight mesomorphous whose torso falls within the square, harmonious in terms of size (etherometry) and disharmonious in terms of profiles (alloidism).
Important Proportions: The length of the head reaches 4/10 of height at the withers. The length of the muzzle is 2/10 lower than that of the skull (namely the muzzle corresponds to 44% approximately of the total head length). The height of the chest is much lower than 50% of the height at the withers and can even go up to 44% of said height.
Behavior and Character: Lagotto Romagnolo's function is truffle-searching, a job that it performs with passion and efficiency, thanks to its natural gift for searching and its optimum olfaction Given that its hunting instinct has been removed, it is not distracted by the smell of game in its work and can be considered as the only dog specialized in truffle-searching. It is sober, clever, affectionate, very fond of his owner and easily trainable and also a very good warning dog and dog-companion.
Head: Moderately massive and of trapezoidal form when seen from above. The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle are slightly diverging. Its length reaches 4/10 of the height at the withers. Cephalic index varies from 50 to 54, (Mesocephaly). Never lower than 50 (dolieoeephaly). Skin adheres to underlying tissues and is smooth and tight.
Cranial Region: The skull is large at the zygoma. Its length corresponds to 56% of the total head length; width (bizygomatic diameter) equals length. Frontally it is arched. In profile it forms a very open arch that is attenuated in the occipital region. Frontal sinuses well developed in three dimensions, marked arch of the eyebrows, nasofrontal depression (stop) not very marked but evident, strong mid-frontal sulcus, short and relatively depressed occipital crest, supraorbital fossae (fontanelle) lightly marked.
Nose (Schwamm): Bulky, with very wide, open and mobile nostrils. The median groove is very strong. In profile it is on the same line as the nose ridge and protrudes very slightly from the front face of the lips (81°/87° approximately compared to the nose ridge). Color ranges from light to dark brown depending on the hue of the coat.
Muzzle: Its length is about 2/10 lower than that of the skull (namely the muzzle corresponds to about 44% of the total head length). Its depth or height reaches 8.5/IO of the length of the nose ridge (that is 400/o of the total head length). Its width Is 3.5110 compared lower than length (namely it equals 29% of the total head length). Its lateral faces are s1ightly converging but the front face is quite flat. The upper profile of the nose ridge is rectilinear, The lower profile of the muzzle is given by the mandible.
Lips: Upper lips are not marked and quite stretched; labial commessure is scarcely visible. Frontally they form - at their disjunction - a wide semi-circle. Labial edges are pigmented in the various hues of brown. Lips are covered by long and quite bristly hair forming whiskers.
Jaws: Marked jaws. The branches of the jaw are quite rectilinear and the mandibular body Is strong and relatively large. Teeth are white and complete in terms of development and number. incisors are set scissors or pincer-like, reversed scissors are tolerated (anteversion of lower incisors).
Cheeks: Flat masseters.
Eyes: Large, round, and slightly emerging. Iris color ranges from ochre to dark hazel and brown depending on the coat. They have a sub-frontal location with adherent eyelids with margins pigmented in the various hues of brown. Eyelashes are very, prominent. Attentive, intelligent and lively look.
Ears: Moderately large compared to the volume of the head, with slightly rounded apexes. Triangular shape and quite largo base, attached slightly above the zygomatic arch, they are hanging at rest or slightly raised when the dog is attentive. If extended they reach the nose ridge at 1/4 of its length. On the ears hair tends to open the curl but is always very wavy. There Is no part of the ear with short hair. The inner pan of the pinna is covered with hair.
Neck: Slightly arched frontally. Absolutely free of dewlap. It Is slightly shorter than the head (8.5/10 of the total head length); its perimeter can reach the double of its length in males. It is stout, muscular, lean, with oval section and is well detached from the nape
Torso: It has a robust and compact structure (its length equals the height at the withers).
Upper Line: Rectilinear from the withers to the rump.
Withers: They exceed rump level. Although not being very narrow they are quite high and extended backwards.
Back: Rectilinear, very muscular. Its length corresponds to 33% approximately of the height at the withers.
Hips: Short, very robust, slightly convex in profile, well linked up with back and rump its length corresponds to 1/6 of height at the withers, while width equals and sometimes exceeds length.
Rump: Long (about 32% of the height at withers), large (on average 24% of the height at withers), muscular, slightly tilted (coxal inclination ranges from 25° to 30°). According to coxal inclination, rump is defined as: horizontal from 15° to 25° tilted from 25° to 35°. Oblique or sunken is over 35°.
Chest: Strong. It reaches the elbow, its perimeter exceeds height at withers by 1/5, diameter is transverse, at the most it is in the middle of chest height, its depth reaches 54% of height at withers, its height reaches 44% of height at withers. Frontally it has a very slight careening and then widens again backwards starting from the sixth rib.
Lower Line: The sternoverntral profile shows a long sternal region that tends to from a straight line in a first short section and then continues into a semicircle with very large chord rising gently towards the abdomen that is not too drawn back.
Tail: It is inserted mid-height, tapered at the top, if extended it brushes past the hock. It is covered with woolly and bristly hair. It is in a scimitar position at rest and is markedly raised if the dog is attentive. During work or when the dog is excited it may also be raised along the line of the back, but never ring-shaped.
Front Limbs: Regular perpendicularities both in profile and frontally. The height of the front limbs at the elbow reaches almost 56% of height at the withers.
Shoulder: Long (it reaches 30% of the height at the withers), oblique (52°/55°), muscular, strong, adheres to the chest but Is free-moving. The scapulo-homeral angle ranges from 110° to 115°.
Arm: Muscular, of thin bone structure, its length corresponds to 30% of height at the withers. Its inclination over the horizon ranges from 58° to 60°.
Forearm: Perfectly vertical, oval section, with compact bone structure. Its length corresponds to 36% of height at the withers.
Elbows: Long, prominent, adhere to the chest well but are not too tight, covered with thin skin. As the humeri, they have to be absolutely parallel to the sagittal plane of the torso. The tip of the elbow (oleocranial epiphysis) is located on the vertical lowered from the caudal angle of the scapula to the ground.
Carpus: Frontally it follows the vertical line of the forearm. It is thin, thick and mobile. The pisiform bone is markedly protruding.
Metacarpus: It is much smaller than the forearm. It is thin, elastic, with minimum subcutaneous cell tissue. Frontally its direction must be on the same vertical plane passing through the forearm. In profile it forms a 75°/80° angle with the ground.
Foot: Roundish and compact front foot with arched and compact digits. Strong and curved nails. Good pigmentation of plantar and digital cushions. Very strong interdigital membrane.
Rear Limbs: Regular perpendicularities. Rear quarters are powerful and well-proportioned to the size of the dog. Thigh: Long (up to 35% of the length at the withers) with clearly separated and visible muscles, with a slight rear convexity. The axis of the femur, that is markedly oblique top-down and back-forth, has a 80° inclination on the horizontal. Hence, the coxo-femoral angle is about 115°-110°. The vertical plane passing through the thigh, as against the median plane of the body, is parallel.
Leg: It is slightly longer than the thigh (about 36% of the height at the withers), with good bone and muscle structure, and has a marked leg groove. Its inclination en the horizontal ranges from 130° to 135°. Its direction is parallel to the median plane of the body.
Hock: It is large, thick, lean, with clear-cut bone salience, parallel to the median plane of the body. The tibio-metatarsal angle is about 140°.
Metatarsus: It is thin, cylindrical, always perpendicular to the ground.
Foot: Rear feet are slightly more oval-shaped than the front feet and falanges are a bit less arched.
Gait: Ordinary pace. Lively trot. Some gallop.
It adheres to the carpus very well in every region, thin, with scarce subcutaneous cell tissue. It must form no wrinkles. The pigment of mucosas and sclera range from light to dark or very dark brown. The same applies to carpal, digital, and plantar cushions.
Coat: Woolly-texture hair, never twisted to form thin cords or curls, semi-rough on the surface, with very thick curls, ring-shaped, with visible undercoat. Curls must be homogeneously distributed throughout the body, barring the head where curls tend to open up. Abundant whiskers, beard, and eyebrows. Even the cheeks are covered with thick hair. The covering hair and especially the undercoat are water-repellent. Given that the hair, if not cut, tend to felt, a complete clipping must be performed at least once a year. Felted hair and undercoat must be removed periodically.
Color: Unicolored off-white, white with brown or orange spots, brown roan, unicolored brown (in different hues), unicolored orange, never black, black and white, or grey. Some dogs have a brown or dark brown mask.
Height at the wither
1 cm. tolerance.
Males: from 43 to 48 cm. (ideal height: 46 cm)
Females: from 41 to 46 cm. (ideal height: 43 cm)
Males: from 13 to 16 kg. (28.6-35.2 lbs.)
Females: from 11 to 14 kg. (24.2-30.8 lbs.)
Every deviation from the above-mentioned characteristics for every region is a defect that must be penalized in the judgment according to its severity and diffusion.
Defects leading to elimination: Convergence of cranio-facial nerves, concave nose ridge, marked and deforming prognathism, partial depigmentation, bilateral strabismus, nnn-curly or totally clipped hair, black or black-dappled coat, presence of dew-claws, amputated tail, height at the withers higher or lower than the limits set.
Defects leading to disqualification: Enognathism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, total depigmentation, blue eye.